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Cardamom
"Description"
by AColumn (5400 pt)
2019-Jul-14 17:51

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Il Cardamomo (Elettaria cardamomum) è una pianta perenne, appartenente alla famiglia delle Zingiberaceae che cresce nei paesi a clima tropicale, in particolare in India.

Ha proprietà antiossidanti (1), contribuisce all'abbassamento della pressione sanguigna (2) e proprietà sedative (3).

Sostanze presenti : Limonene, Fenchone, Valerianol (4), Kaempferol, Quercetin (5).

L'olio di cardamomo funge da potenziale proteico del grano uccidendo varie fasi di vita degli insetti che attaccano il grano, come Tribolium castaneum e Sitophilus zeamais , tramite contatto e azione fumigante (6).

Cardamomo studi

Bibliografia_______________________________________

(1) Antioxidative effects of the spice cardamom against non-melanoma skin cancer by modulating nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 and NF-κB signalling pathways.
Das I, Acharya A, Berry DL, Sen S, Williams E, Permaul E, Sengupta A, Bhattacharya S, Saha T.
Br J Nutr. 2012 Sep 28;108(6):984-97. doi: 10.1017/S0007114511006283. 

(2) Blood pressure lowering, fibrinolysis enhancing and antioxidant activities of cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum).
Verma SK, Jain V, Katewa SS.
Indian J Biochem Biophys. 2009 Dec;46(6):503-6.

(3) Gut modulatory, blood pressure lowering, diuretic and sedative activities of cardamom.
Gilani AH, Jabeen Q, Khan AU, Shah AJ.
J Ethnopharmacol. 2008 Feb 12;115(3):463-72. Epub 2007 Oct 22.

(4) Comparative Study on Volatile Compounds of Alpinia japonica and Elettaria cardamomum.   -   Asakawa Y, Ludwiczuk A, Sakurai K, Tomiyama K, Kawakami Y, Yaguchi Y.   -   J Oleo Sci. 2017 Aug 1;66(8):871-876. doi: 10.5650/jos.ess17048. 

 (5) Chemical Composition, Anticonvulsant Activity, and Toxicity of Essential Oil and Methanolic Extract of Elettaria cardamomum.   -   Masoumi-Ardakani Y, Mandegary A, Esmaeilpour K, Najafipour H, Sharififar F, Pakravanan M, Ghazvini H.   -   Planta Med. 2016 Nov;82(17):1482-1486. 

(6) Fumigant toxicity and oviposition deterrency of the essential oil from cardamom, Elettaria cardamomum, against three stored–product insects.   -   Abbasipour H, Mahmoudvand M, Rastegar F, Hosseinpour MH.   -   J Insect Sci. 2011;11:165. doi: 10.1673/031.011.16501.

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